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There are different programs for conventional loan. Usually, a conventional mortgage is a 30-year fixed rate loan.  That means it has a fixed interest rate for the 30 year term of the mortgage.  Conventional mortgages also typically require from 5 to 20 percent down payment.  For example, if a house costs $200,000, the lender will provide a loan for 90 percent of that amount.  So, $180,000 is financed through the lender and the borrower must pay $20,000 cash.

Conventional mortgages can have better interest rates than non-conventional mortgages and can be a great option for those with the 20 percent down payment.  However, even if the borrower does not have a 20 percent down payment, it is still possible to get a mortgage.  By putting less down and accepting a possibly higher interest rate, the borrower can still get financing through a non-conventional mortgage

As a borrower, one of your first choices is whether you want a fixed-rate or an adjustable-rate mortgage loan. All loans fit into one of these two categories, or a combination “hybrid” category. Here’s the primary difference between the two types:

Fixed-rate mortgage loans have the same interest rate for the entire repayment term. Because of this, the size of your monthly payment will stay the same, month after month, and year after year. It will never change. This is true even for long-term financing options, such as the 30-year fixed-rate loan. It has the same interest rate, and the same monthly payment, for the entire term.

Adjustable-rate mortgage loans (ARMs) have an interest rate that will change or “adjust” from time to time. Typically, the rate on an ARM will change every year after an initial period of remaining fixed. It is therefore referred to as a “hybrid” product. A hybrid ARM loan is one that starts off with a fixed or unchanging interest rate, before switching over to an adjustable rate. For instance, the 5/1 ARM loan carries a fixed rate of interest for the first five years, after which it begins to adjust every one year, or annually. That’s what the 5 and the 1 signify in the name.